Euro-Mediterranean Agreement

Each agreement is tailored to the specifics of each non-EU country. But they all have, in principle, the same basic structure: the scope of these agreements is essentially limited to trade in goods and a number of bilateral negotiations are under way or are being prepared to deepen the association agreements. These ongoing or upcoming negotiations are linked to further liberalisation of agricultural trade, liberalisation of trade in services, accreditation and acceptance of industrial products and convergence of legislation. In addition to EU Member States, the pan-European free trade network also includes Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Turkey. This cumulative zone has spread to the Mediterranean countries and the Faroe Islands. The Mediterranean countries of the area are Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, the West Bank and Gaza, Morocco, Syria and Tunisia. Enlargement has led to groups of countries where a broader accumulation can be applied. The countries of the Western Balkans as well as Moldova and Georgia have already partially joined this agreement. The agreement is gradually moving towards a single set of rules (conventions) and not towards the rules of origin of the various free trade agreements. 9AA the first element that contributed to the difficulties of installing a thorough and comprehensive EMFTA is the diversity of the positions of European actors on the idea and modalities of a CEMTA with the Mediterranean.

Before negotiations with third countries, it is necessary to reach an internal agreement on the EU`s negotiating position between the European institutions (mainly the Commission and the Council) and between the Member States. But the European institutions have different positions on CEMTA because of their different competences and Member States have different preferences on free trade because of their different economic and internal political situation. As a result, the EU`s multi-level governance structure and its way of being a commercial person in internal conflict [30] and a siloed business personality [31] have often prevented European actors from finding a common position on concessions made to multinational companies on the way to a comprehensive and comprehensive CEMTA, as will be shown in the following paragraphs. In Morocco and Tunisia, many civil society organizations, trade unions, agricultural organizations and even economic organizations have expressed serious concerns about the impact on the economic situation, state sovereignty and economic and social rights. Other voices strongly oppose such an agreement, imposed by the European side. In Tunisia, protests against the agreement were launched in Tunis by farmers in some regions and other activists, including during the April 2019 round of negotiations. 7200 the Council has decided to start negotiations on the liberalisation of agricultural products with the MDCs.