Pengertian Civil Affairs Agreement

In particular, the territory previously occupied by allied countries, including the Netherlands, which once ruled Indonesia. Indeed, on August 17, 1945, the Indonesian people declared the declaration of independence of the Republic of Indonesia. Quoted by the Ministry of Education and Culture, Japan, on August 15, 1945, surrendered unconditionally to the Allies during World War II. How did the Allies arrive in Indonesia? The Allies joined the Dutch Civil Administration of Indies (NICA), which represented the Dutch government. The proclamation was made by Sukarno and Moh Hatta on behalf of the Indonesian people on Jl. Pegangsaan Timur 56 Jakarta. This goes against the Dutch and allied positions. In addition, Japan, losing the war, urged the Allies to keep Indonesia in a state of status quo. This means that the Allies, winners of World War II, were entitled to Japanese control in different regions that Japan once controlled. The British were responsible not only for the renewal of Sumatras, but also for the whole of Indonesia, areas that were previously under the command of the South West Pacific Areas (SWPAC). But in practice, the British were free to reintegrate areas outside Java and Sumatra, because outside the two islands, the Australian army was taking care of it. – The allied and Dutch arrival in Indonesia came after the Allies won World War II and Japan surrendered unconditionally to the Allies.

After the japanese surrendered on August 15, 1945, he had to abandon his occupied territories. This meant that the colonies originally conquered by the Westerners of the Allied bloc had to be restored. In fact, Western countries still have the right to continue to govern their colonies first. With regard to Indonesia in particular, the Dutch have been preparing for Indonesia`s renewal since April 1944. Since this month, the Dutch and British governments have been in talks in London and Kandy. The negotiations resulted in what is known as the civil agreement. Why did the Allies and the Dutch come to Indonesia? The reason the Allies and Dutch came to Indonesia was that the British came to Indonesia to fulfill potsdam`s mandate. The British Army, assigned to Indonesia, was known as AFNEI (Allied Forces for Netherlads East Indies) and consisted of British Indian military units (also known as Gurkha soldiers).

In detail, Seac imposed tariffs on AFNEI, among others: As a result, there was a conflict between Indonesia and the Allies and the Netherlands. In substance, the negotiations focus on the settlement of Indonesia`s transfer from the Dutch side to the Dutch side, particularly for Sumatra (Indonesian region presented by the South-East Asia Command, SEAC).